Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497817
Title The role of extreme events in reaching adaptation tipping points : A case study of flood risk management in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Author(s) Ahmed, Farhana; Gersonius, Berry; Veerbeek, William; Shah Alam Khan, M.; Wester, Flip
Source Journal of Water and Climate Change 6 (2015)4. - ISSN 2040-2244 - p. 729 - 742.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wcc.2014.102
Department(s) Water Resources Management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Adaptation tipping point - Flood - Flood management - Flood risk - Urban growth
Abstract

Adaptation tipping points (ATPs) refer to the situation where a policy or management strategy is no longer sufficient, and adjustments or alternative policies/strategies have to be considered. In developed countries, the main focus of research has been on characterising the occurrence of ATPs in the face of slow variables like climate change. In developing countries, the system characteristics that lead to ATPs are more uncertain and typically comprise a combination of drivers. It is well recognised that policies and management strategies have often shifted in the wake of extreme events like floods. By focusing on flood risk management (FRM), this paper explores the role of sudden or extreme events and other drivers that trigger ATPs. It analyses the historical flooding pattern of Dhaka and policies relevant to FRM, and determines the tipping points for policy-making. A timeline has been established between the flood events, co-drivers, policy interventions and institutional reforms over the last 50 years. ATPs in a developing country context have been found to result from hydrological factors and uncontrolled urban growth as well as foreign intervention, non-implementation or untimely implementation of planned measures and fund constraints.

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