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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497922
Title What are you looking at: differences and similarities between stakeholders in assessing pigs
Author(s) Reimert, I.; Duijvesteijn, N.; Benard, Marianne; Camerlink, I.
Source In: Proceedings of the International conference on pig welfare - Improving pig welfare - what are the ways forward?. - Copenhagen, Denmark : - p. 126 - 126.
Event Copenhagen, Denmark : International conference on pig welfare: Improving pig welfare - what are the ways forward?, Copenhagen, 2015-04-29/2015-04-30
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2015
Abstract Pig welfare is a topic that concerns us all. However, although we all agree that pigs are entitled to be treated well, different stakeholder groups do not seem to agree in the way how that should be accomplished. This latter may be explained by possible differences in their frame of reference (as constructed by a person’s norms, values, knowledge, convictions and interests). Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether different stakeholder groups would assess pigs differently and whether that is related to differences in their frame of reference. Hereto, three stakeholder groups were selected of which two were classified as expert stakeholders, i.e. pig farmers (n=11) and pig scientists (n=18), and the other as lay-group, i.e. urban citizens (n=15). Stakeholders were asked to perform a qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA) in which they observed a pig in nine different videos and assigned a score to each video using 21 predefined terms such as ‘happy’ or ‘irritated’. In addition, stakeholders filled out two questionnaires in order to obtain information on their frame of reference. The QBA was analysed using principal component analysis and showed that the pig farmers had a more rosy view of the pigs than the urban citizens and pig scientists. This was evident from the consistently higher scores given by the farmers on the positive terms used to score the videos (P≤0.001). Furthermore, the questionnaires revealed that the stakeholders had a different frame of reference regarding pigs and a different understanding of welfare. For instance, rolling in mud was regarded more important to a pig’s happiness by the scientists and urban citizens than the farmers (P<0.01). In conclusion, differences in frame of reference may thus underlie differences in stakeholders’ view of pig welfare and that may consequently hamper the discussion on how to improve it.
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