Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498351
Title Earthworm communities in relation to arable management in a landscape context
Author(s) Frazao, J.F.T.A.; Pulleman, M.M.; Faber, J.H.; Groot, J.C.J.; Goede, R.G.M. de; Brussaard, L.
Event Wageningen Soil Conference, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 2015-08-23/2015-08-27
Department(s) Chair Soil Biology and Biological Soil Quality
Alterra - Animal ecology
Farming Systems Ecology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2015
Abstract Agricultural intensification has homogenised arable fields and landscapes resulting in a decline of earthworm biodiversity, possibly affecting associated soil ecosystem services. Agrienvironmental schemes, such as field margin strips adjacent to arable fields, are being implemented to boost agrobiodiversity, but their effects on earthworm diversity remain unclear, especially regarding the spill-over potential to arable fields. Within Agricultural landscapes, we studied earthworm communities at the arable field and margin scale, as influenced by three groups of drivers: i) soil properties, ii) present and past arable
management, and iii) surrounding landscape. We hypothesized that earthworm communities differ between margins and fields. In the arable fields arable management was expected to override the landscape effect, but the surrounding landscape was expected to have a larger effect on the communities of the margins.Earthworms and soil properties were determined in 26 arable fields and 15 field margin strips in an intensively cultivated region in the Netherlands (Hoeksche Waard). Standardized questionnaires were used to obtain information from farmers about the present and past management of the surveyed habitats. The landscape surrounding the sampled sites was characterized using official topographic maps. Forthcoming results will illustrate the relative
importance of the three drivers on earthworm communities in arable fields, with or without adjacent margins, and in field margin strips. The acquired understanding will improve our understanding of earthworm communities and of factors that drive their assemblages not only at the field scale but also at the landscape scale. Such knowledge will improve our abilities to advise farmers and land managers regarding soil biodiversity management and conservation.
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