Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498397
Title Assessing the Effectiveness of Water Governance in Combating Groundwater Degradation in Al-Mujaylis, Tihama Coastal Plain, Yemen
Author(s) Al-Qubatee, W.S.M.; Ibrahim, Abdullah; From Dalseng, Carmen; Al-Weshall, Adel; Steenbergen, F. van; Ritzema, H.P.
Source In: Social Water Studies in the Arab Region / Fayyad, Manar, Sandri, Serena, Weiter, Matthias, Zikos, Dimitrios, Berlin : Humboldt University (Entwicklungspolitische Themenreihe des SLE ) - ISBN 9783936602746 - p. 197 - 216.
Department(s) Water Resources Management
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2015
Abstract The coastal areas in Yemen are threatened by much environmental degradation
such as sand dunes movements, desertification, groundwater drawdown and
seawater intrusion. Collaborative research based on participatory rural appraisal
(PRA) was conducted in Al-Mujaylis village, located in the downstream part of
Wadi Zabid and Wadi Rima (wadi is Arabic term referring to valley) on the Tihama coastal plain along the Red Sea, to get a better understanding of the problems related to the groundwater resources and to determine the role of water governance in combating groundwater degradation. It was found that the area suffers from many problems such as sinking groundwater levels caused by changing rainfall patterns and a decrease in the amount of groundwater recharge. Findings show that, due to changing agricultural practices in the upper area of Wadi Zabid and Wadi Rima, traditional spate water distribution rights no longer achieve justice farmers along the wadis. However, it was found that many respondents are still satisfied with those rules and traditions around spate water distribution. They suggested to eliminate or to mitigate the changes that happened to those rules. The following changes were identified: 1) an increase in farming of high water requirement crops; 2) the construction of concrete diversion structures and harvesting dams in the upstream, midstream of the wadis; 3) repeated violations of the existing rule by some farmers coupled with a weak implementation of the law and court decisions; 4) the weakness of related institutions in regulating, controlling, supervising, and enforcing water distribution rules. These findings suggest that although there is no direct branch of Wadi Zabid and Wadi Rima that reaches the Al-Mujaylis village and other coastal areas, environmental degradation is connected historically (negatively or positively) to the political decisions related to water and agriculture taken after 1970.
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