|Title||Selenium speciation and extractability in Dutch agricultural soils|
|Author(s)||Supriatin, Supriatin; Weng, Liping; Comans, Rob N.J.|
|Source||Science of the Total Environment 532 (2015). - ISSN 0048-9697 - p. 368 - 382.|
Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Agricultural soils - Organic carbon - Selenium - Soil extraction - Speciation|
The study aimed to understand selenium (Se) speciation and extractability in Dutch agricultural soils. Top soil samples were taken from 42 grassland fields and 41 arable land fields in the Netherlands. Total Se contents measured in aqua regia were between 0.12 and 1.97mgkg-1(on average 0.58mgkg-1). Organic Se after NaOCl oxidation-extraction accounted for on average 82% of total Se, whereas inorganic selenite (selenate was not measurable) measured in ammonium oxalate extraction using HPLC-ICP-MS accounted for on average 5% of total Se. The predominance of organic Se in the soils is supported by the positive correlations between total Se (aqua regia) and total soil organic matter content, and Se and organic C content in all the other extractions performed in this study. The amount of Se extracted followed the order of aqua regia>1M NaOCl (pH8)>0.1M NaOH>ammonium oxalate (pH3)>hot water>0.43M HNO3>0.01M CaCl2. None of these extractions selectively extracts only inorganic Se, and relative to other extractions 0.43M HNO3 extraction contains the lowest fraction of organic Se, followed by ammonium oxalate extraction. In the 0.1M NaOH extraction, the hydrophobic neutral (HON) fraction of soil organic matter is richer in Se than in the hydrophilic (Hy) and humic acid (HA) fractions. The organic matter extracted in 0.01M CaCl2 and hot water is in general richer in Se compared to the organic matter extracted in 0.1M NaOH, and other extractions (HNO3, ammonium oxalate, NaOCl, and aqua regia). Although the extractability of Se follows to a large extent the extractability of soil organic carbon, there is several time variations in the Se to organic C ratios, reflecting the changes in composition of organic matter extracted.