|Title||Determination of perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) in drinking water from the Netherlands and Greece|
|Author(s)||Zafeiraki, Effrosyni; Costopoulou, Danae; Vassiliadou, Irene; Leondiadis, Leondios; Dassenakis, Emmanouil; Traag, Wim; Hoogenboom, Ron L.A.P.; Leeuwen, Stefan P.J. van|
|Source||Food Additives & Contaminants. Pt. A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment 32 (2015)12. - ISSN 1944-0049 - p. 2048 - 2057.|
RIKILT - Business unit Contaminants & Toxins
RIKILT - BU Toxicology Bioassays & Novel Foods
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||bottled water - drinking tap water - Greece - Netherlands - PFASs - surface water|
In the present study 11 perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) were analysed in drinking tap water samples from the Netherlands (n = 37) and from Greece (n = 43) by applying LC-MS/MS and isotope dilution. PFASs concentrations above the limit of quantification, LOQ (0.6 ng/l) were detected in 20.9% of the samples from Greece. Total PFAS concentrations ranged between 8) were only rarely detected. In the drinking water samples from the eastern part of the Netherlands, where drinking water is sourced from groundwater reservoirs, no PFASs were detected. This demonstrates that exposure to PFASs through drinking water in the Netherlands is dependent on the source. Additionally, five samples of bottled water from each country were analysed in the current study, with all of them originating from ground wells. In these samples, all PFASs were below the LOQ.