|Title||The environmental nation state in decline|
|Author(s)||Mol, Arthur P.J.|
|Source||Environmental Politics 25 (2016)1. - ISSN 0964-4016 - p. 48 - 68.|
Raad van Bestuur
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||environmental performance - globalisation - private governance - state authority - state capacity|
The environmental nation state is not a formal category but a substantive one. The current set of national environmental state institutions originated in the late 1960s/1970s but has since changed in character. Many scholars note that since the new millennium, the environmental nation state in OECD countries is losing power and authority and is thus in decline, in line with wider concerns about the positions of states versus markets under conditions of (neo-liberal) globalisation. Assessing the decline of environmental nation state authority, three conclusions are drawn. States do not lose power in all sectors vis-à-vis markets. Hence, environmental nation state decline does not follow a general tendency. Second, the decline of environmental nation state powers cannot be equated with less effective or lower levels of environmental protection, as other environmental authorities have stepped in, and the jury is still out on their environmental effectiveness. Third, declining powers of environmental nation state institutions increasingly become a self-fulfilling prophecy of environmental policymakers, but non-state environmental authorities cannot take over all environmental state functions.