|Title||Effect of pile-driving sounds on the survival of larval fish|
|Author(s)||Bolle, Loes J.; Jong, Christ A.F. de; Bierman, Stijn M.; Beek, Pieter J.G. van; Wessels, Peter W.; Blom, Ewout; Damme, Cindy J.G. van; Winter, Hendrik V.; Dekeling, René P.A.|
|Source||Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 875 (2016). - ISSN 0065-2598 - p. 91 - 100.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Controlled exposure experiments - Offshore wind farms|
Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were observed at zero-to-peak pressure levels up to 210 dB re 1 μPa 2 and cumulative sound exposure levels up to 206 dB re 1 μPa 2 ·s, which is well above the US interim criteria for nonauditory tissue damage in fish. Experiments are presently being carried out for European sea bass and herring larvae.