Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498487
Title Solubility of trace metals in two contaminated paddy soils exposed to alternating flooding and drainage
Author(s) Pan, Yunyu; Bonten, Luc T.C.; Koopmans, Gerwin F.; Song, Jing; Luo, Yongming; Temminghoff, Erwin J.M.; Comans, Rob N.J.
Source Geoderma 261 (2016). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 59 - 69.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.07.011
Department(s) Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
Sub-department of Soil Quality
Alterra - Sustainable soil management
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Multi-surface models - Paddy soil - Redox potential - Soil solution - Trace metal concentration
Abstract

Uptake of trace metals by crops is determined by the solubility of trace metals. In paddy soils, flooding and drainage influence redox chemistry and consequently trace metal solubility and thus uptake by rice plants. Current knowledge on how the dynamics in redox chemistry affect the solubility of trace metals in contaminated paddy soils is still limited. The objectives of our study were to investigate (i) the effects of flooding and drainage on trace metal solubility in paddy soils and (ii) to what extent a multi-surface modeling approach can predict trace metal solubility under changing redox conditions. We performed a column experiment with two contaminated paddy soils with similar soil properties but contrasting pH. During two successive flooding and drainage cycles, dynamics in Eh, pH and dissolved organic matter concentrations greatly affected trace metal solubility for both soils. Multi-surface model predictions indicate that under aerobic conditions, the higher pH of the alkaline soil leads to a stronger complexation of trace metals by reactive surfaces of the soil and, consequently, to lower dissolved concentrations than in the acidic soil. Under anaerobic conditions, predictions shows that sulfide precipitates control trace metal solubility in both soils, but still the higher pH of the alkaline soil leads to lower trace metal concentrations in soil solution at equilibrium. Furthermore, model calculations showed that stoichiometry and solubility of copper sulfide minerals can substantially affect solubility of other trace metals especially when trace element concentrations exceed soil sulfate concentrations. This stoichiometry and solubility should be considered when predicting the solubility of trace metals under anaerobic conditions.

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