Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498690
Title Short-Term Vegetation Recovery after a Grassland Fire in Lithuania : The Effects of Fire Severity, Slope Position and Aspect
Author(s) Pereira, Paulo; Cerdà, Artemi; Lopez, Antonio Jordán; Zavala, Lorena M.; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Arcenegui, Victoria; Misiune, Ieva; Keesstra, Saskia; Novara, Agata
Source Land Degradation and Development 27 (2016)5. - ISSN 1085-3278 - p. 1523 - 1534.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2498
Department(s) Soil Physics and Land Management
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Fire severity - Slope aspect - Slope position - Spring fires - Vegetation recovery
Abstract

In Lithuania, fire is frequently used by farmers as a tool to remove dry grass, improve soil nutrient status and help soil tilling. However, little is known about the ecological impacts of these fires, including vegetation recovery. The objective of this work is to study the impacts of a spring grassland fire on vegetation recuperation on an east-facing (A) and a west-facing slope (B), considering fire severity and slope position, 10, 17, 31 and 46days after the fire. Because of their effects on fire behaviour, aspect, steepness and heterogeneity of topography favoured higher fire severity on slope B than on slope A. Three different slope positions were identified on slope A - flat top, middle slope and flat bottom - and five on slope B - flat top, middle slope, flat middle slope, slope bottom slope and flat bottom. Fire severity was high in top slope positions. The recovery of vegetation was very fast. By the end of the study, vegetation covered nearly 100% of the study area, although fire severity, aspect and slope characteristics had implications on vegetation recovery. Plant cover recovered quickly on slope A. Ten and 17days after the fire, plant cover was high in the bottom positions, where fire severity was relatively low. The major vegetation recuperation was observed between 17 and 31days after the fire, in response to high rainfall.

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