Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498699
Title Effects of a deep-rooted crop and soil amended with charcoal on spatial and temporal runoff patterns in a degrading tropical highland watershed
Author(s) Bayabil, Haimanote K.; Tebebu, Tigist Y.; Stoof, Cathelijne R.; Steenhuis, Tammo S.
Source Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20 (2016). - ISSN 1027-5606 - p. 875 - 885.
DOI https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-20-875-2016
Department(s) Soil Geography and Landscape
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Abstract

Placement and hence performance of many soil and water conservation structures in tropical highlands has proven to be challenging due to uncertainty of the actual location of runoff-generating areas in the landscape. This is the case especially in the (sub-)humid areas of the Ethiopian highlands, resulting in limited success of such conservation measures. To improve understanding of the effect of land use on spatial and temporal runoff patterns in the Ethiopian highlands, we monitored runoff volumes from 24 runoff plots constructed in the 113 ha Anjeni watershed, where historical data of rainfall and stream discharge were available. In addition, we assessed the effectiveness of charcoal amendment of the soil and crop rooting depth in reducing runoff, and we compared the effect of lupine (a deep-rooted crop) to that of barley. We also measured daily rainfall, surface runoff, and root zone moisture contents during the monsoon seasons of 2012 and 2013 (with all plots being tilled in 2012, but only barley plots tilled in 2013). In addition, we analyzed long-term surface runoff from four plots, and outlet discharge data from the research site (1989-1993) were analyzed and compared with our observations. Results showed that the degrees of soil degradation and soil disturbance (tillage) were significant factors affecting plot-scale runoff responses. As expected, runoff was greater from more degraded soils. Overall, under the commonly applied lupine cropping practice, runoff was higher than under the commonly applied barley cropping practice. In particular, considerable difference was observed during smaller rainfall events (approximately <20 mm) in 2013, when lupine plots (non-tilled) had greater runoff than barley plots (tilled). Charcoal tended to decrease runoff, but results were not significant.

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