Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498779
Title Effects of time orientation and construal level on eating and exercising behaviour
Author(s) Beek, J. van; Handgraaf, M.J.J.; Antonides, G.
Source Appetite (2014). - ISSN 0195-6663 - p. 360 - 360.
Department(s) Economics of Consumers and Households Group
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2014
Abstract Eating and exercising behaviour are both characterized by immediate and future consequences. We investigate whether individual differences in considering these consequences (i.e., time orientation) are related to behaviour either directly or indirectly through (abstract vs. concrete) construal level. Additionally, a distinction was made between general eating and exercising behaviour and specific short- and long-term preferences for hedonic and utilitarian food products and physical activities. Students (N = 101) participated in a study in which they completed several questionnaires about consideration of immediate and future consequences for food and exercise, construal level, short- and long-term preferences, and behaviour. For general eating and exercising behaviour, only direct effects of time orientation were found. For specific eating and exercising preferences, however, there was evidence of indirect effects through construal level. A stronger tendency to consider future (but not immediate) consequences led to stronger short-term preferences for utilitarian (as compared to hedonic) food products and physical activities through a more abstract construal level. An indirect effect of considering future consequences on long-term preferences through construal level was only found for food products, but not for physical activities. We conclude that time orientation is directly related to general eating and exercising behaviour, whereas its influence on specific short- and long-term preferences for hedonic and utilitarian food products and physical activities is indirect through construal level. This suggests that differentiating between preferences and behaviour when promoting healthy eating and exercising patterns would be beneficial.
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