Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 498863
Title Evaluating crop response and environmental impact of the accumulation of phosphorus due to long-term manuring of vertisol soil in northern China
Author(s) Hua, Keke; Zhang, Wenju; Guo, Zhibin; Wang, Daozhong; Oenema, Oene
Source Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 219 (2016). - ISSN 0167-8809 - p. 101 - 110.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.12.008
Department(s) Alterra - Sustainable soil management
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Farmyard manure - Long-term fertilization - P environmental pollution - Soil Olsen-P
Abstract

The availability of soil phosphorus (P) is one of the key factors that regulate crop productivity. Fertilization practices with P fertilizers carry a high risk of non-point environmental pollution due to water run-off and leaching. The present work discusses data from a 29-year (1982-2011) fertilization experiment with wheat-soybean rotation. Its aim was to quantify and evaluate the dynamic of soil P availability in relation to P accumulation, crop yield, and environmental safety in northern China. This study included six treatments with four field replicates: CK (no fertilizer), NPK (mineral fertilizers), 1/2SNPK (mineral fertilizers plus 50% wheat straw return), SNPK (mineral fertilizers plus 100% wheat straw return), PMNPK (mineral fertilizers plus pig manure), and CMNPK (mineral fertilizers plus cattle manure). Continual additional application of farmyard manure (i.e., PMNPK and CMNPK) produced significantly (P <0.01) better soil total P and Olsen-P than NPK treatment, and both factors showed increasing trends. However, straw incorporation (i.e., 1/2SNPK and SNPK) had no effect on soil P or Olsen-P. There were significant positive correlations between P budget and increase in Olsen-P and total P. These correlations indicated that, with each 100 kg ha-1 of P budget, there were about 1.0-1.1 and 22.5-26.0 mg kg-1 increases in Olsen-P and total P for the straw incorporation treatments, whereas there were 5.7-5.9 and 26.5-30.8 mg kg-1 increases in Olsen-P and total P for use of manure. Average P activation coefficients for soil Olsen-P in the PMNPK and CMNPK treatments increased sharply by 87.2% and 121.3% compared to the NPK treatment (P <0.01). Two segment regression analyses indicated there to be observable changes in the relationships between Olsen-P and relative crop yield, and in Olsen-P and soluble-P, indicating critical Olsen-P levels of 11 mg kg-1 for crop yield, and 18 mg kg-1 for soluble P, respectively. In conclusion, much more P is available in the soil under long-term farmyard manure than crop straw incorporation when the amount of P accumulation is uniform. Long-term, continuous, excessive use of farmyard manure to increase crop yield is not sustainable and has a high risk of P environmental pollution. The incorporation of crop straw is a recommended means of managing which decreases the risk of P environmental pollution without compromising crop productivity of vertisol soil in northern China.

Comments
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.