Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 498886
Title Assessing water resource use in livestock production : A review of methods
Author(s) Ran, Y.; Lannerstad, M.; Herrero, M.; Middelaar, C.E. Van; Boer, I.J.M. De
Source Livestock Science 187 (2016). - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 68 - 79.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2016.02.012
Department(s) Animal Production Systems
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Beef production - Blue water - Green water - Livestock production - Water resource use assessment
Abstract

This paper reviews existing methods for assessing livestock water resource use, recognizing that water plays a vital role in global food supply and that livestock production systems consumes a large amount of the available water resources. A number of methods have contributed to the development of water resources use assessments of livestock production. The methods reviewed in this study were classified into three categories: water productivity assessments, water footprint assessments and life cycle assessments. The water productivity approach has been used to assess benefits derived from consumptive water use in livestock production; the water footprint approach has raised awareness of the large amounts of water required for livestock production; and life cycle assessments highlight the important connection between water resource use and local impacts.For each of the methods we distinguish strengths and weaknesses in assessing water resource use in livestock production. As a result, we identify three key areas for improvement: 1) both green and blue water resources should be included in assessments, and presented separately to provide informative results; 2) water quality should not be summarized within quantitative assessments of water resource use; and 3) methods for assessing water use in livestock systems must consider the alternative uses, multiple uses and benefits of a certain resource in a specific location.

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