|Title||Alkaline pretreatments of lignin-rich by-products and their implications for enzymatic degradation|
|Source||University. Promotor(en): Harry Gruppen, co-promotor(en): Mirjam Kabel. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462576629 - 156 p.|
Food Chemistry Group
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||degradation - enzymes - pretreatment - byproducts - lignin - food chemistry - delignification - sugarcane bagasse - degradatie - enzymen - voorbehandeling - bijproducten - lignine - voedselchemie - delignificatie - suikerrietbagasse|
The increasing interest in plant biomass based biofuels and chemicals arouses mainly from the increased awareness of a possible finiteness of fuels. The current main challenge to produce such biofuels and biochemicals is economic efficiency, but also knowledge concerning type and effectiveness of both thermally assisted chemical and enzymatic treatments, needed to generate fermentable sugars, is lacking. The subject of this thesis is to gain understanding of the effect of both sulphuric acid and NaOH catalysed pretreatments of sugar cane bagasse and oil palm empty fruit bunches on subsequent enzymatic saccharification, with a focus on the NaOH catalysed pretreatments. The fate of the main polymers present, lignin, cellulose and xylan, was studied and also single-activity xylan degrading enzymes, all from Rasamsonia emersonii, were studied for their mode-of-action.