Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 499509
Title Potential demand for recoverable resources from Indonesian wastewater and solid waste
Author(s) Kerstens, S.M.; Priyanka, A.; Dijk, K.C. Van; Ruijter, F.J. De; Leusbrock, I.; Zeeman, G.
Source Resources, Conservation and Recycling 110 (2016). - ISSN 0921-3449 - p. 16 - 29.
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
PPO/PRI AGRO Water- en Biobased Economy
PPO/PRI AGRO Multifunctioneel Landgebruik
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Agriculture - Demand analysis - Phosphorus - Resource recovery - Solid waste - Wastewater

Projected population growth and urbanization will become a challenge for finite natural resources, their distribution and local availability. At the same time, 2.5 billion people do not have access to sanitation facilities. Indonesia is one of these rapidly growing countries with a poorly developed municipal wastewater and solid waste sector. Without an integrating concept to recover and reuse resources, "waste flows" are discarded and their potential value is ignored. Therefore, the Indonesian backlog may be an opportunity, since it allows for direct introduction of a circular resource approach. To foster a sustainable municipal wastewater and solid waste management, the 20 years' demand forecast of recoverable resources (phosphorus, compost, duckweed, plastic and paper) was analyzed. Phosphorus, compost and duckweed analysis was based on nutritional demand and not on market demand. Demand for recoverable plastic and paper related to the potential substitution of conventionally manufactured products. Phosphorus and compost demand analysis was based on (1) fertilizer requirements of 68 crops (staple food, horticulture and plantation), and (2) anticipated increase in production area of these crops. Duckweed demand as a protein-rich fish feed was analyzed based on the forecasted demand from aquaculture (tilapia and carp). The potentially recoverable (waste) plastic and paper to substitute conventional manufactured products were based on extrapolation of past trends in plastic and paper production in Indonesia. The potential contribution of recoverable products to the forecasted demand for 2035 was assessed for phosphorus (15%), compost (35%), duckweed (7%), plastic (66%) and paper (18%). A geographical discrepancy between potential recovery and demand location for phosphorus and compost was found. Therefore, the locations of potential markets should be considered in the planning and selection of wastewater and solid waste facilities. The presented methodology to assess the potential demand for recoverable resources from wastewater and solid waste may be applied in other countries as well.

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