|Title||Effects of Endosulfan on Predator–Prey Interactions Between Catfish and Schistosoma Host Snails|
|Author(s)||Monde, Concillia; Syampungani, Stephen; Brink, Paul J. van den|
|Source||Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 71 (2016)2. - ISSN 0090-4341 - p. 257 - 266.|
Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
Alterra - Environmental risk assessment
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
The effect of the pesticide endosulfan on predator–prey interactions between catfish and Schistosoma host snails was assessed in static tank experiments. Hybrid catfish (Clarias gariepinus × C. ngamensis) and Bulinus globosus were subjected to various endosulfan concentrations including an untreated control. The 48- and 96-h LC50 values for catfish were 1.0 and 50 values for snails were 1137 and 810 µg/L. To assess sublethal effects on the feeding of the catfish on B. globosus, endosulfan concentrations between 0.03 and 1.0 µg/L were used. Predation was significantly greater (p <0.001) in control tanks than in all other treatments. There was progressively decreasing predation with increasing toxicant concentration. Biological control of Schistosoma host snails using fish may be affected in endosulfan-polluted aquatic systems of Southern Africa because it has been found present at concentrations that are indicated to cause lethal effects on the evaluated hybrid catfish and to inhibit the predation of snails by this hybrid catfish.