Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 501833
Title Another Continental Vulture Crisis : Africa's Vultures Collapsing toward Extinction
Author(s) Ogada, Darcy; Shaw, Phil; Beyers, Rene L.; Buij, Ralph; Murn, Campbell; Thiollay, Jean Marc; Beale, Colin M.; Holdo, Ricardo M.; Pomeroy, Derek; Baker, Neil; Krüger, Sonja C.; Botha, Andre; Virani, Munir Z.; Monadjem, Ara; Sinclair, Anthony R.E.
Source Conservation Letters (2016). - ISSN 1755-263X - p. 89 - 97.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/conl.12182
Department(s) Alterra - Animal ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Asian vulture crisis - Bushmeat - Illegal wildlife trade - Poisoning - Scavenger - Traditional medicine - Vulture population decline
Abstract

Vultures provide critical ecosystem services, yet populations of many species have collapsed worldwide. We present the first estimates of a 30-year Pan-African vulture decline, confirming that declines have occurred on a scale broadly comparable with those seen in Asia, where the ecological, economic, and human costs are already documented. Populations of eight species we assessed had declined by an average of 62%; seven had declined at a rate of 80% or more over three generations. Of these, at least six appear to qualify for uplisting to Critically Endangered. Africa's vultures are facing a range of specific threats, the most significant of which are poisoning and trade in traditional medicines, which together accounted for 90% of reported deaths. We recommend that national governments urgently enact and enforce legislation to strictly regulate the sale and use of pesticides and poisons, to eliminate the illegal trade in vulture body parts, as food or medicine, and to minimize mortality caused by power lines and wind turbines.

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