Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 502397
Title The predictive adaptive response: modeling the life history evolution of the butterfly, Bicyclus anynana, in seasonal environments
Author(s) Heuvel, J. van den; Saastamoinen, M.; Brakefield, P.M.; Kirkwood, T.B.L.; Zwaan, B.J.
DOI https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.kg45v
Department(s) Laboratory of Genetics
PE&RC
Publication type Dataset
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) ecology - evolutionary - evolution - physiological - life history - modeling - individual based - stochastic spatial - phenotypic plasticy - polymorphism - resource allocation - theory - trade offs
Abstract A predictive adaptive response (PAR) is a type of developmental plasticity where the response to an environmental cue is not immediately advantageous but instead is later in life. The PAR is a way for organisms to maximize fitness in varying environments. Insects living in seasonal environments are valuable model systems for testing the existence and form of PAR. Previous manipulations of the larval and the adult environments of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana have shown that individuals that were food restricted during the larval stage coped better with forced flight during the adult stage compared to those with optimal conditions in the larval stage. Here, we describe a state-dependent energy allocation model, which we use to test whether such a response to food restriction could be adaptive in nature where this butterfly exhibits seasonal cycles. The results from the model confirm the responses obtained in our previous experimental work and show how such an outcome was facilitated by resource allocation patterns to the thorax during the pupal stage. We conclude that for B. anynana, early-stage cues can direct development toward a better adapted phenotype later in life and, therefore, that a PAR has evolved in this species.
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