|Title||Tolerância à dessecação e longevidade de sementes germinadas de Sesbania virgata (Cav.) Pers.|
|Author(s)||Costa, Maria Cecília Dias; Faria, José Marcio Rocha; José, Anderson Cleiton; Ligterink, Wilco; Hilhorst, Henk W.M.|
|Source||Journal of seed science 38 (2016)1. - ISSN 2317-1537 - p. 50 - 56.|
Laboratory of Cell Biology
Laboratory of Plant Physiology
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Desiccation tolerance - Germination - Osmotic stress - Storage|
Seed desiccation tolerance (DT) and longevity are necessary for better dissemination of plant species and establishment of soil seed bank. They are acquired by orthodox seeds during the maturation phase of development and lost upon germination. DT can be re-induced in germinated seeds by an osmotic and/or abscisic acid treatment. However, there is no information on how these treatments affect seed longevity. Germinated Sesbania virgata seeds were used as a model system to investigate the effects of an osmotic treatment to re-establish DT on seed longevity. Longevity of germinated S. virgata seeds treated and non-treated by an osmoticum was analysed after storage or artificial ageing. The radicle is the most sensitive organ, the cotyledons are the most resistant, and the ability to produce lateral roots is the key for whole seed survival. Germinated S. virgata seeds with 1mm protruded radicle tolerate desiccation and storage for up to three months without significant losses in viability. An osmotic treatment can improve DT in these seeds, but not longevity. Germinated S. virgata seeds are a good model to study DT uncoupled from longevity. Further studies are necessary to unveil the molecular mechanisms involved in both DT and longevity.