Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 503761
Title Alternaria toxins and conjugates in selected foods in the Netherlands
Author(s) Lopez Sanchez, Patricia; Venema, Dini; Mol, Hans; Spanjer, Martien; Stoppelaar, Joyce de; Pfeiffer, Erika; Nijs, Monique de
Source Food Control 69 (2016). - ISSN 0956-7135 - p. 153 - 159.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.04.001
Department(s) RIKILT - Business unit Contaminants & Toxins
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Alternaria toxins - Conjugates - Dried figs - Sunflower - Tomato processed products
Abstract

A survey on Alternaria toxins in the food categories dried figs (n = 14), sunflower products (n = 24) and tomato products (n = 43) was carried out in the Netherlands on samples collected in retail stores in autumn 2014. The occurrence data from this survey confirmed the previously reported data of a pilot survey in 2013, with tenuazonic acid being an ubiquitous Alternaria toxin in dried figs (100% of the samples), sunflower seeds (80% of the samples) and tomato products (60% of samples) at relatively high concentrations, up to 1728 μg/kg in dried figs and 1350 μg/kg in sunflower seeds. Despite the occurring of high concentrations of tenuazonic acid in sunflower seeds and figs, it is unlikely that the population in the Netherlands is exposed to levels of concern. Alternariol was detected in 27% of the tomato products ranging from LOQ (2 μg/kg) up to 26 μg/kg, while alternariol monomethyl ether was present in 7% of the tomato products. In the worst case situation, consumption of these products may result in exposure at levels above the threshold of toxicological concern of 2.5 ng/kg body weight/day for alternariol. None of seven conjugates of Alternaria toxins was detected above the limit of quantification (LOQ) of 2.5 μg/kg.

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