Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 504680
Title Private Versus Communal Tenure Systems in Gum Arabic Collection
Author(s) Mujawamariya, G.; Burger, C.P.J.
Source In: Dryland Forests / Bose, P., van Dijk, H., Springer International Publishing Switzerland - ISBN 9783319194042 - p. 53 - 69.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19405-9_3
Department(s) Development Economics Group
WASS
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Resource governance - Evolution - Transition - Gum arabic
Abstract Communal management systems for acacia stands are still prominent in semi-arid gum producing areas. Competition over plots leads to lower quantities per household and, compared with private access systems, the gum collected is of lower quality. These communal systems also decrease the collectors’ incentives for tree management, may lead to overexploitation and even be sources of conflict over resources. Private systems are emerging either at individual level or through companies; in a gradual transition, mixed systems are found in which privately owned properties and communal forests coexist in villages where gum is collected in the Sylvopastoral Zone and Eastern Region of Senegal. This study investigates factors that influence the currently observed transition from communal to private collection systems at village level, briefly focusing on gender relations. With data from 53 villages in Senegal, a probit model is used to analyse the choice of organizing collection in communal systems. Mixed systems are preferred if markets are developing, labour for collection is available, competition for the resource is high, forests where gum is collected are located near the village or market prices are high enough to attract occasional collectors who reinforce the effect of competition.
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