Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 505093
Title Guidelines for the choice of forest reproductive material in the face of climate change
Author(s) Kramer, K.
Source EU - 4 p.
Department(s) Alterra - Vegetation, forest and landscape ecology
Publication type Scientific report
Publication year 2016
Abstract Due to the long-lived nature of trees, silviculture is a practice
that takes a long-term perspective. In a context of rapid projected
climate changes, forest managers need to find ways to take
decisions about the long-term management of forest stands
without complete knowledge about what future conditions will be
like. Existing knowledge does not allow us to determine precisely
whether a close-to-nature approach (which relies on spontaneous,
natural processes) or proactive interventions in forest regeneration
is better suited to fostering adaptation in forest ecosystems.
Adaptation is the micro-evolutionary process enhancing the fitness
of a population in accordance with the environmental conditions.
One idea that has been proposed is human-assisted transfer of tree
populations, guided by projections of future climate conditions,
but it has not been widely accepted in Europe, partly because of
uncertainties about the results of this approach and partly because
climate changes have so far affected Europe to a lower extent than
other regions, such as North America.
The present guidelines focus on issues related to the choice of
forest reproductive material (FRM) in the face of climate change,
based on knowledge generated by field studies and modelling.
The objective is not to single out the most appropriate approach,
valid in all conditions, but rather to present most recent research
findings to support decision-making and analysis by forest
managers, conservationists and field ecologists.
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