Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 505147
Title Feeding guild of non-host community members affects host-foraging efficiency of a parasitic wasp
Author(s) Rijk, Marjolein de; Yang, Daowei; Engel, Bastiaan; Dicke, Marcel; Poelman, Erik H.
Source Ecology 97 (2016)6. - ISSN 0012-9658 - p. 1388 - 1399.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/15-1300.1
Department(s) Laboratory of Entomology
PPO/PRI Biointeractions and Plant Health
Biometris (WU MAT)
PE&RC
EPS
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Feeding guild - Foraging efficiency - Herbivore-induced plant volatile - Leaf chewer - Multi-herbivory - Non-host - Parasitoid behavior - Patch residence - Phloem feeder - Trait-mediated indirect interaction
Abstract

Interactions between predator and prey, or parasitoid and host, are shaped by trait-and density-mediated processes involving other community members. Parasitoids that lay their eggs in herbivorous insects locate their hosts through infochemicals such as herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) and host-produced kairomones. Hosts are frequently accompanied by non-host herbivores that are unsuitable for the parasitoid. These non-hosts may interfere with host location primarily through trait-mediated processes, by their own infochemicals, and their induction of the emission of plant volatiles. Although it is known that single non-hosts can interfere with parasitoid host location, it is still unknown whether the observed effects are due to species specific characteristics or to the feeding habits of the non-host herbivores. Here we addressed whether the feeding guild of non-host herbivores differentially affects foraging of the parasitoid Cotesia glomerata for its common host, caterpillars of Pieris brassicae feeding on Brassica oleracea plants. We used different phloem-feeding and leaf-chewing non-hosts to study their effects on host location by the parasitoid when searching for host-infested plants based on HIPVs and when searching for hosts on the plant using infochemicals. To evaluate the ultimate effect of these two phases in host location, we studied parasitism efficiency of parasitoids in small plant communities under field-tent conditions. We show that leaf-chewing non-hosts primarily affected host location through trait-mediated effects via plant volatiles, whereas phloem-feeding non-hosts exerted trait-mediated effects by affecting foraging efficiency of the parasitoid on the plant. These trait-mediated effects resulted in associational susceptibility of hosts in environments with phloem feeders and associational resistance in environments with non-host leaf chewers.

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