Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 505728
Title Paying the Pipers : Mitigating the Impact of Anticoagulant Rodenticides on Predators and Scavengers
Author(s) Elliott, John E.; Rattner, Barnett A.; Shore, Richard F.; Brink, Nico W. van den
Source Bioscience 66 (2016)5. - ISSN 0006-3568 - p. 401 - 407.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw028
Department(s) Sub-department of Toxicology
VLAG
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) anticoagulants - nontarget wildlife - polluter-pays principle - risk mitigation - rodenticide
Abstract

Anticoagulant rodenticides, mainly second-generation forms, or SGARs, dominate the global market for rodent control. Introduced in the 1970s to counter genetic resistance in rodent populations to first-generation compounds such as warfarin, SGARs are extremely toxic and highly effective killers. However, their tendency to persist and accumulate in the body has led to the widespread contamination of terrestrial predators and scavengers. Commercial chemicals that are classified by regulators as persistent, bio-accumulative, and toxic (PBT) chemicals and that are widely used with potential environmental release, such as dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), have been removed from commerce. However, despite consistently failing ecological risk assessments, SGARs remain in use because of the demand for effective rodent-control options and the lack of safe and humane alternatives. Although new risk-mitigation measures for rodenticides are now in effect in some countries, the contamination and poisoning of nontarget wildlife are expected to continue. Here, we suggest options to further attenuate this problem.

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