Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 505901
Title Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests
Author(s) Sande, M.T. van der
Source Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Lourens Poorter, co-promotor(en): Marielos Pena Claros; Eric Arets. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578029 - 282 p.
Department(s) Forest Ecology and Forest Management
PE&RC
Publication type Dissertation, internally prepared
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) tropical forests - biodiversity - forest ecology - forest management - climatic change - tropische bossen - biodiversiteit - bosecologie - bosbedrijfsvoering - klimaatverandering
Categories Biodiversity / Forest Ecology
Abstract

Tropical forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, their capacity for removal of carbon from the atmosphere makes them important for climate change mitigation. Theories predict that species use resources in a different way, and therefore high species diversity would result in more efficient resource use and higher total carbon removal. These theories, however, have yet not been clearly demonstrated for tropical forests. In this thesis, I evaluated how biodiversity of plants and their traits influenced carbon removal. I used data collected in different tropical forest types and at different spatial and temporal scales. I found that biodiversity was important for carbon removal especially at large spatial scales (e.g. the Amazon) where biodiversity varies strongly, and at long temporal scales (e.g. >200 years) where high biodiversity functions as a buffer for changing environmental conditions. In this way biodiversity contributes to long-term stable forests and a safe climate.

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