|Title||The diversity of microfungi in peatlands originated from the White Sea|
|Author(s)||Grum-Grzhimaylo, Olga A.; Debets, Fons; Bilanenko, Elena N.|
|Source||Mycologia 108 (2016)2. - ISSN 0027-5514 - p. 233 - 254.|
Laboratory of Genetics
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||fungal diversity - fungi decomposing Sphagnum - fungi in sediments - molecular identification - psychrotolerants|
The diversity of culturable filamentous microfungi in peat and sediments of four peatlands at the coastal zone of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea (Murmansk region, Russia) was studied by culture methods on standard and selective media. Annually 100 samples were collected from the bogs 2007-2010. Based on morphological, molecular markers and cultural features, 211 taxa were identified. Fungal communities observed at the peatlands were influenced mostly by their sea origin. We discovered a large difference between fungal communities from the peat and the sediments of the peatlands. In contrast to the sediments, the fungal community of the peat was found to be consistent throughout sampling sites. Fungi with specific ecophysiology, such as Sphagnum-decomposing species (Oidiodendron griseum, O. tenuissimum. Penicillium spinulosum, P. thomii, Talaromyces funiculosus), psychrotolerant and associated with insects species (Pseudogymnoascus pannorum, Tolypocladium spp.), typical marine species (Acremonium spp.) were found. In addition, different types of sterile mycelia were characteristic for the researched peatlands.