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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 505973
Title The cellular lipids of Romboutsia
Author(s) Guan, Ziqiang; Chen, Lingli; Gerritsen, Jacoline; Smidt, Hauke; Goldfine, Howard
Source Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids 1861 (2016)9. - ISSN 1388-1981 - p. 1076 - 1082.
Department(s) Microbiological Laboratory
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Glycolipid - Mass spectrometry - Phospholipid - Romboutsia - Thin-layer chromatography

We have examined the lipids of three isolates, Romboutsia lituseburensis, Romboutsia ilealis, and Romboutsia sp. strain FRIFI, of the newly described genus Romboutsia by two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography (2D-TLC) and by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). We have found three phospholipids, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), cardiolipin and phosphatidic acid in all three species. A fourth phospholipid, lysyl-PG, was found in R. lituseburensis and strain FRIFI. Polyprenyl-phosphates were identified in the lipid extracts of all three species. Three glycolipids, mono-, di- and tri-hexosyldiacylglycerol, were common to all three species. An additional glycolipid, tetrahexosyl-diacylglycerol was identified in strain FRIFI. Acylated trihexosyldiacylglycerol and acyl-tetrahexosydiacylglycerol were also found in R. ilealis and strain FRIFI. Remarkably, no alk-1-enyl ether lipids (plasmalogens) were present in Romboutsia as distinct from bacteria of the related genus Clostridium in which these ether lipids are common. We have compared the lipidome of Romboutsia with that recently described for Clostridium difficile, which has plasmalogens, no lysyl-PG, and no tetrahexosyl-diacylglycerol. According to 16S rRNA gene sequencing, Romboutsia spp. and C. difficile are closely related (> 95% sequence identity).

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