|Title||An inter-comparison of the Holiday Climate Index (HCI) and the Tourism Climate Index (TCI) in Europe|
|Author(s)||Scott, Daniel; Rutty, Michelle; Amelung, Bas; Tang, Mantao|
|Source||Atmosphere 7 (2016)6. - ISSN 2073-4433|
Environmental Systems Analysis Group
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Climate - Climate change - Climate index - Europe - Holiday Climate Index (HCI) - Tourism - Tourism Climate Index (TCI) - Urban tourism|
Much research has been devoted to quantifying optimal or unacceptable climate conditionsboth generally and for specific tourism segments or activities over the last 10 years. This knowledge isnot incorporated in the Tourism Climate Index (TCI), which has also been subject to other substantialcritiques. To more accurately assess the climatic suitability of destinations for leisure tourism, theHoliday Climate Index (HCI) was developed. A major advancement of the HCI is that its variablerating scales and the component weighting system are based on this aforementioned literature oftourists' stated climatic preferences. This paper will discuss the design of the HCI and how thelimitations of the TCI were overcome. It then presents an inter-comparison of the results fromHCI:Urban and TCI for geographically diverse urban destinations across Europe. The resultsillustrate how the HCI:Urban rates the climate of many cities higher than the TCI, particularlyin shoulder seasons and the winter months, which is more consistent with observed visitationpatterns. The results empirically demonstrate that use of the TCI should be discontinued.