|Title||A Review on the Effect of Drying on Antioxidant Potential of Fruits and Vegetables|
|Author(s)||Kamiloglu, Senem; Toydemir, Gamze; Boyacioglu, Dilek; Beekwilder, Jules; Hall, Robert D.; Capanoglu, Esra|
|Source||Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 56 (2016). - ISSN 1040-8398 - p. S110 - S129.|
FBR Consumer Science & Health
PRI BIOS Applied Metabolic Systems
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||antioxidants - ascorbic acid - carotenoids - Drying - fruits - polyphenols - vegetables|
The role of antioxidants in human nutrition has gained increased interest, especially due to their associated health beneficial effects for a number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. Fruits and vegetables are perishable and difficult to preserve as fresh products. Dried fruits and vegetables can be easily stored, transported at relatively low cost, have reduced packing costs, and their low water content delays microbial spoilage. Air-, freeze-, microwave- and sun-drying are among the most thoroughly studied drying methods. This review provides an overview of recent findings on the effects of different drying techniques on major antioxidants of fruits and vegetables. In particular, changes in ascorbic acid, carotenoids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, total phenolics, and antioxidant activity are discussed in detail.