Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 507046
Title Toward refined environmental scenarios for ecological risk assessment of down-the-drain chemicals in freshwater environments
Author(s) Franco, Antonio; Price, Oliver R.; Marshall, Stuart; Jolliet, Olivier; Brink, Paul J. van den; Rico Artero, Andreu; Focks, Andreas; Laender, Frederik De; Ashauer, Roman
Source Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 13 (2017)2. - ISSN 1551-3793 - p. 233 - 248.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1801
Department(s) Alterra - Environmental risk assessment
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) Down-the-drain chemicals - Ecological models - Ecological risk assessment - Environmental scenario - Spatial models
Abstract

Current regulatory practice for chemical risk assessment suffers from the lack of realism in conventional frameworks. Despite significant advances in exposure and ecological effect modeling, the implementation of novel approaches as high-tier options for prospective regulatory risk assessment remains limited, particularly among general chemicals such as down-the-drain ingredients. While reviewing the current state of the art in environmental exposure and ecological effect modeling, we propose a scenario-based framework that enables a better integration of exposure and effect assessments in a tiered approach. Global- to catchment-scale spatially explicit exposure models can be used to identify areas of higher exposure and to generate ecologically relevant exposure information for input into effect models. Numerous examples of mechanistic ecological effect models demonstrate that it is technically feasible to extrapolate from individual-level effects to effects at higher levels of biological organization and from laboratory to environmental conditions. However, the data required to parameterize effect models that can embrace the complexity of ecosystems are large and require a targeted approach. Experimental efforts should, therefore, focus on vulnerable species and/or traits and ecological conditions of relevance. We outline key research needs to address the challenges that currently hinder the practical application of advanced model-based approaches to risk assessment of down-the-drain chemicals.

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