|Title||Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Benzoxazinoid Glycosides from Rhizopus-Elicited Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Seedlings|
|Author(s)||Bruijn, Wouter J.C. de; Vincken, Jean Paul; Duran, Katharina; Gruppen, Harry|
|Source||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 64 (2016)32. - ISSN 0021-8561 - p. 6267 - 6276.|
Food Chemistry Group
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||benzoxazinoid classification - cereal grain - elicitation - germination - LC-MS - phytoalexin - plant defense - Rhizopus oryzae|
Benzoxazinoids function as defense compounds and have been suggested to possess health-promoting effects. In this work, the mass spectrometric behavior of benzoxazinoids from the classes benzoxazin-3-ones (with subclasses lactams, hydroxamic acids, and methyl derivatives) and benzoxazolinones was studied. Wheat seeds were germinated with simultaneous elicitation by Rhizopus. The seedling extract was screened for the presence of benzoxazinoid (glycosides) using reversed-phase ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection coupled in line to multiple-stage mass spectrometry (RP-UHPLC-PDA-MSn). Benzoxazin-3-ones from the different subclasses showed distinctly different ionization and fragmentation behaviors. These features were incorporated into a newly proposed decision guideline to aid the classification of benzoxazinoids. Glycosides of the methyl derivative 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one were tentatively identified for the first time in wheat. We conclude that wheat seedlings germinated with simultaneous fungal elicitation contain a diverse array of benzoxazinoids, mainly constituted by benzoxazin-3-one glycosides.