Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 507624
Title Trends in approval times for genetically engineered crops in the United States and the European Unio
Author(s) Smart, Richard D.; Blum, Matthias; Wesseler, J.H.H.
Source Journal of Agricultural Economics 68 (2017)1. - ISSN 0021-857X - p. 182 - 198.
Department(s) Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) Authorisation - EU - GE - genetically modified organism (GMO) - regulatory oversight - transgenic - US
Abstract Genetically engineered (GE) crops are subject to regulatory oversight to Ensure their safety for humans and the environment. Their approval in the European Union (EU) starts with an application in a given Member State followed by a scientific risk assessment, and ends with a political decision-making step (risk management). Int he United States (US) approval begins with a scientific (field trial) step and ends with a 'bureaucratic' decision-making step. We investigate trends for the time taken for these steps and the overall time taken for approving GE crops in the US and the EU. Our resulst show that from 1996-2015 the overall time trend for aproval in the EU cereased thd then flattened off, with an overall mean completion-time of 1,763 days. In the US in 1998 there was a break in the trend of the overall approval time. Initially, from 1988 until 1997 the trend decreased with a mean approval time of 1,321 days; from 1998-2015, the trend almost stagnated with amean approval time of 2,467 days.
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