Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 507828
Title Salinity and ripening on/off the plant effects on lycopene synthesis and chlorophyll breakdown in hybrid Raf tomato
Author(s) Sánchez-González, María J.; Schouten, Rob E.; Tijskens, L.M.M.; Cruz Sánchez-Guerrero, M.; Medrano, Evangelina; Rio-Celestino, Mercedes del; Lorenzo, Pilar
Source Scientia Horticulturae 211 (2016). - ISSN 0304-4238 - p. 203 - 212.
Department(s) Horticulture and Product Physiology Group
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Colour physiology - Maturity - Remittance spectroscopy - STAY-GREEN proteins

The aim of this study was to describe the physiology of fruit colour in tomato as affected by salinity and ripening on and off the plant. Chlorophyll and lycopene levels were repeatedly measured in ninety Raf tomatoes over a period of eight days using remittance spectroscopy. Fruits were subjected to three salinity levels and were measured either on or off the plant. The physiology of tomato colour was described by a kinetic model centred on the role of STAY-GREEN proteins (SGR) that was calibrated simultaneously on chlorophyll and lycopene data with a percentage variance explained for of 91%. Lycopene precursor and transcript SGR levels were estimated considerably higher for on-plant than for off-plant ripened fruits which indicates ongoing expression while attached to the plant. There is less inhibition of the lycopene precursor by SGR in on plant ripened tomatoes which results in higher maximum lycopene levels and less chlorophyll breakdown causing residual chlorophyll levels. Effects of salinity treatments on chlorophyll breakdown and lycopene synthesis are small, but higher salinity levels strongly diminish fresh weight. Ripening on and off the plant strongly affects colour physiology of tomato fruit and is described well by the proposed model.

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