Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 507919
Title Dietary Fibre and Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Mellitus
Author(s) Slurink, Isabel A.L.; Soedamah-Muthu, S.S.
Source Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics 2 (2016)3. - ISSN 2472-1921 - 12 p.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Diabetes mellitus - cardiovascular disease - dietary fibre - Risk factors
Abstract Patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease
compared to non-diabetic populations. Improved dietary quality is essential to
control risk factors and can prevent or delay cardiovascular disease in diabetic
patients. Higher dietary fibre intake was inversely associated with cardiovascular
disease in several general population studies. However, in diabetes mellitus, and
especially type 1 diabetes, little information is available. A literature study was
performed to summarize the available evidence for a possible relationship between
fibre consumption from natural foods and the risk of developing cardiovascular
disease in people with type 2 and type 1 diabetes. In November and December
2014, PubMed was searched for relevant articles. The full texts of 15 articles were
reviewed. Prospective cohort studies reported an inverse association between
dietary fibre intake and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality risk in
both diabetes types. Randomized controlled trials were inconsistent. For type 2
diabetes, dietary fibre intake was related to lower plasma glucose and plasma
lipid levels. In terms of foods, mainly legume and cereal fibre, vegetables and
fruits were found to beneficially influence cardiovascular risk in patients with type
2 diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, no foods were investigated, but dietary fibre had
some beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors from limited trials. To lower
CVD risk in people with type 1 diabetes in the future, the potential of raising fibre
in the diet should be further explored.
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