|Title||Fate of personal care and household products in source separated sanitation|
|Author(s)||Butkovskyi, A.; Rijnaarts, H.H.M.; Zeeman, G.; Hernandez Leal, L.|
|Source||Journal of Hazardous Materials 320 (2016). - ISSN 0304-3894 - p. 427 - 434.|
Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Wageningen Institute for Environment and Climate Research
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Black water - Grey water - Micropollutants - Sorption - Triclosan - UASB sludge|
Removal of twelve micropollutants, namely biocides, fragrances, ultraviolet (UV)-filters and preservatives in source separated grey and black water treatment systems was studied. All compounds were present in influent grey water in μg/l range. Seven compounds were found in influent black water. Their removal in an aerobic activated sludge system treating grey water ranged from 59% for avobenzone to >99% for hexylcinnamaldehyde. High concentrations of hydrophobic micropollutants in sludge of aerobic activated sludge system indicated the importance of sorption for their removal. Six micropollutants were found in sludge of an Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating black water, with four of them being present at significantly higher concentrations after addition of grey water sludge to the reactor. Hence, addition of grey water sludge to the UASB reactor is likely to increase micropollutant content in UASB sludge. This approach should not be followed when excess UASB sludge is designed to be reused as soil amendment.