Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 508536
Title Comparative analysis of carbon monoxide tolerance among Thermoanaerobacter species
Author(s) Alves, J.I.; Alves, M.M.; Plugge, Caroline M.; Stams, A.J.M.; Sousa, D.Z.
Source Frontiers in Microbiology 7 (2016). - ISSN 1664-302X - 9 p.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01330
Department(s) Microbiological Laboratory
WIMEK
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Carbon monoxide - Ethanol - Hydrogen - Sugar fermentation - Syngas - Thermoanaerobacter
Abstract

An anaerobic thermophilic strain (strain PCO) was isolated from a syngas-converting enrichment culture. Syngas components cannot be used by strain PCO, but the new strain is very tolerant to carbon monoxide (pCO = 1.7 × 105 Pa, 100% CO). 16S rRNA gene analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization revealed that strain PCO is a strain of Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus. The physiology of strain PCO and other Thermoanaerobacter species was compared, focusing on their tolerance to carbon monoxide. T. thermohydrosulfuricus, T. brockii subsp. finnii, T. pseudethanolicus, and T. wiegelii were exposed to increased CO concentrations in the headspace, while growth, glucose consumption and product formation were monitored. Remarkably, glucose conversion rates by Thermoanaerobacter species were not affected by CO. All the tested strains fermented glucose to mainly lactate, ethanol, acetate, and hydrogen, but final product concentrations differed. In the presence of CO, ethanol production was generally less affected, but H2 production decreased with increasing CO partial pressure. This study highlights the CO resistance of Thermoanaerobacter species.

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