Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 508715
Title Analysis of fullerenes in soils samples collected in The Netherlands
Author(s) Carboni, Andrea; Helmus, Rick; Emke, Erik; Brink, Nico van den; Parsons, John R.; Kalbitz, Karsten; Voogt, Pim de
Source Environmental Pollution 219 (2016). - ISSN 0269-7491 - p. 47 - 55.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.034
Department(s) Sub-department of Toxicology
VLAG
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Fullerenes - Monitoring - Soil - Terrestrial environment - Transformation products
Abstract

Fullerenes are carbon based nanoparticles that may enter the environment as a consequence of both natural processes and human activities. Although little is known about the presence of these chemicals in the environment, recent studies suggested that soil may act as a sink. The aim of the present work was to investigate the presence of fullerenes in soils collected in The Netherlands. Samples (n = 91) were taken from 6 locations and analyzed using a new developed LC-QTOF-MS method. The locations included highly trafficked and industrialized as well as urban and natural areas. In general, C60 was the most abundant fullerene found in the environment, detected in almost a half of the samples and at concentrations in the range of ng/kg. Other fullerenes such as C70 and an unknown structure containing a C60 cage were detected to a lower extent. The highest concentrations were found in the proximity of combustion sites such as a coal power plant and an incinerator, suggesting that the nanoparticles were unintentionally produced during combustions processes and reached the soil through atmospheric deposition. Consistent with other recent studies, these results show that fullerenes are widely present in the environment and that the main route for their entrance may be due to human activities. These data will be helpful in the understanding of the distribution of fullerenes in the environment and for the study of their behavior and fate in soil.

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