Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 508785
Title Investigation of the interaction between separate calcium feeding and phytase supplementation on growth performance, calcium intake, nutrient digestibility and energy utilisation in broiler starters
Author(s) Abdollahi, M.R.; Duangnumsawang, Y.; Kwakkel, R.P.; Steenfeldt, S.; Bootwalla, S.M.; Ravindran, V.
Source Animal Feed Science and Technology 219 (2016). - ISSN 0377-8401 - p. 48 - 58.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.05.017
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
CS OnderwijsinstituutOnderwijsinstituut
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Broilers - Calcium - Nutrient digestibility - Performance - Phytase - Specific appetite
Abstract

The interaction between separate calcium (Ca) feeding and phytase supplementation on performance, coefficient of apparent ileal digestibility (CAID) of nitrogen (N), starch, fat and phosphorus (P), total tract retention (TTR) of Ca and P, and apparent metabolisable energy (AME) in broiler starters was investigated. The effect of phytase on the CAID and TTR of P in birds with access to a separate Ca source was of particular interest. Five dietary Ca concentrations (1.3, 4.3, 7.3, 10.3 and 13.3 g/kg) and two inclusion levels (0 or 1000 phytase units [FYT/kg] of feed) of a 6-phytase were evaluated in a 5 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. All diets, based on wheat and soybean meal, were formulated to be equivalent in respect of total and non-phytate P contents (5.7 and 3.0 g/kg, respectively). A total of 480, one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 48 cages (8 birds/cage), and cages were randomly assigned to 10 dietary treatments. Birds were also provided with a source of Ca in a separate feed trough. Increasing dietary Ca concentration decreased (P 0.05). Birds fed 1.3 g Ca/kg diet showed the lowest (P 0.05) to the diets with 4.3 g Ca/kg. No significant (P > 0.05) effect of dietary Ca concentration on the CAID of starch, fat and GE was found. Whilst, increasing dietary Ca concentration reduced (P 0.05) retention. There was no effect (P > 0.05) of dietary Ca on AME and toe ash. The previously reported Ca-specific appetite in modern broilers and the ‘phosphoric’ and ‘extra-phosphoric’ effects of phytase were confirmed in this study. Importantly, the current work highlighted the additive outcome of separate Ca feeding and phytase addition.

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