Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 508910
Title Early-stage sustainability assessment to assist with material selection : a case study for biobased printer panels
Author(s) Broeren, M.L.M.; Molenveld, K.; Oever, M.J.A. van den; Patel, M.K.; Worrell, E.; Shen, L.
Source Journal of Cleaner Production 135 (2016). - ISSN 0959-6526 - p. 30 - 41.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.05.159
Department(s) FBR Sustainable Chemistry & Technology
FBR BP Biorefinery & Sustainable Value Chains
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Additives - Biobased - Bioplastics - Design - Life cycle assessment - Material selection
Abstract

This paper aims to incorporate sustainability assessment into the material selection processes during early-stage product (re)design, when time and data availability for such assessments are usually limited. A material selection framework is presented and illustrated step-by-step with a case study aiming to identify biobased alternatives for petrochemical plastics used for (flame retardant) panels. After an initial screening step, the technical performance of selected materials is measured. A cradle-to-grave screening life cycle assessment compares the environmental performance of the candidate and reference materials on greenhouse gas emissions, non-renewable energy use and agricultural land use per kilogram. A simplified cost analysis is performed. The environmental and economic indicators are corrected for each candidate's technical performance by estimating expected weight changes in the final product based on material indices. In this case study, two biobased plastics are found to offer equal or improved environmental/economic performance compared to reference materials. Furthermore, the case study shows that additive production can significantly contribute to the plastics' environmental impacts, e.g. accounting for 5–40% of their cradle-to-grave greenhouse gas emissions. The case study demonstrated that the proposed materials selection framework is a useful tool for early-stage product design.

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