Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 508997
Title Health and functions of the gastrointestinal tract in pigs : Effects of functional ingredients and feed and ingredient processing
Author(s) Jansman, A.J.M.
Source Journal of Animal Science 94 (2016)7 supplement 3. - ISSN 0021-8812 - p. 12 - 21.
DOI https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2015-9886
Department(s) LR - Animal Nutrition
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Functional ingredients - Gastrointestinal tract health - Pigs - Processing
Abstract

This paper provides a review on the effects of functional ingredients and processing of ingredients and diets on the functions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and health of the GIT in pigs. There is increasing attention for these topics since the ban of in-feed growth promoting antibiotics in many parts of the world and due to the pressure on the use of antibiotics in animal production. A prime function of the GIT is to digest and absorb nutrients. In addition, it has a complex barrier function of which the intestinal microbiota and the residing local immune system are important components. The health of the GIT is related to the capacity of the GIT to exert these functions. Ingredient and nutrient composition of the diet affect the various functions of the GIT and, therefore, also influence GIT health. Feed and feed ingredient processing can affect the extent and site of enzymatic nutrient digestion within the small intestine but can also induce changes in the extent of fermentation of dietary constituents by intestinal microbiota and induce changes in microbiota composition in various segments of the GIT. Further understanding of the mechanisms involved in the complex interactions among the diet, intestinal microbiota, and intestinal tissue can assist in supporting functions of the GIT and health of the GIT via targeted modifications of the diet.

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