Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 509098
Title Geochemical and microbial community determinants of reductive dechlorination at a site biostimulated with glycerol
Author(s) Atashgahi, Siavash; Lu, Yue; Zheng, Ying; Saccenti, Edoardo; Suarez-Diez, Maria; Ramiro-Garcia, Javier; Eisenmann, Heinrich; Elsner, Martin; J.M. Stams, Alfons; Springael, Dirk; Dejonghe, Winnie; Smidt, Hauke
Source Environmental Microbiology 19 (2017)3. - ISSN 1462-2912 - p. 968 - 981.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13531
Department(s) Microbiological Laboratory
Systems and Synthetic Biology
VLAG
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Abstract

Biostimulation is widely used to enhance reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes in contaminated aquifers. However, the knowledge on corresponding biogeochemical responses is limited. In this study, glycerol was injected in an aquifer contaminated with cis-dichloroethene (cDCE), and geochemical and microbial shifts were followed for 265 days. Consistent with anoxic conditions and sulfate reduction after biostimulation, MiSeq 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed temporarily increased relative abundance of Firmicutes, Bacteriodetes and sulfate reducing Deltaproteobacteria. In line with 13C cDCE enrichment and increased Dehalococcoides mccartyi (Dcm) numbers, dechlorination was observed toward the end of the field experiment, albeit being incomplete with accumulation of vinyl chloride. This was concurrent with (i) decreased concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), reduced relative abundances of fermenting and sulfate reducing bacteria that have been suggested to promote Dcm growth by providing electron donor (H2) and essential corrinoid cofactors, (ii) increased sulfate concentration and increased relative abundance of Epsilonproteobacteria and Deferribacteres as putative oxidizers of reduced sulfur compounds. Strong correlations of DOC, relative abundance of fermenters and sulfate reducers, and dechlorination imply the importance of syntrophic interactions to sustain robust dechlorination. Tracking microbial and environmental parameters that promote/preclude enhanced reductive dechlorination should aid development of sustainable bioremediation strategies.

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