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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 509269
Title Policy Reform and Supply Chain Governance : Insights from Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador
Author(s) Vellema, S.; Laven, A.; Ton, G.; Muilerman, S.
Source In: The Economics of Chocolate / Squicciarini , Mara P., Swinnen, Johan, Oxford : Oxford University Press - ISBN 9780198726449 - 309 p.
Department(s) Knowledge Technology and Innovation
LEI International Policy
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Chain Governance
Abstract This chapter looks at the degree of state involvement and the modes of market governance in the cocoa value chains of Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador, in order to document the institutional blending of private and public economic governance. Liberalization in the cocoa sectors transformed the role of public policy but did not eradicate the public sector. The state continued to play a mediating role, which is an important lesson for contemporary sustainability initiatives in tropical commodities, which rely exclusively on private governance arrangements, such as standards. Finding ways to connect different governance structures and policy measures situated in specific historical conditions may enhance sustainability, rather than opting for either a fully privatized and deregulated sector or complete public control over the cocoa economy.
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