Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 510043
Title The BROWSE model for predicting exposures of residents and bystanders to agricultural use of pesticides : Comparison with experimental data and other exposure models
Author(s) Butler Ellis, M.C.; Berg, Erik van den; Zande, Jan C. van de; Kennedy, Marc C.; Charistou, Agathi N.; Arapaki, Niki S.; Butler, Alistair H.; Machera, Kyriaki A.; Jacobs, Cor M.
Source Biosystems Engineering 154 (2017). - ISSN 1537-5110 - p. 122 - 136.
Department(s) Alterra - Environmental risk assessment
PPO/PRI AGRO Field Technology Innovations
Alterra - Climate change and adaptive land and water management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) Exposure assessment - Spray drift - Vapour
Abstract A new suite of models has been developed for assessing the exposure of bystanders, residents, operators and workers to pesticides used in agricultural applications. The aim of these 'BROWSE' models was to improve regulatory exposure assessment by including recent data, and changes in current knowledge and application practice. The new models for bystander and resident exposure focused on spray drift from boom and orchard sprayers, and vapour emissions from treated crops.The structure of the resident and bystander models is reported elsewhere, together with a description and discussion of model inputs. This paper describes model outputs, model validation where experimental data are available, a sensitivity analysis for some model components and compares predictions with other European regulatory models, including the recently developed European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) calculator.Because BROWSE models can simulate a range of scenarios, there is a wide range of possible outputs. When using recommended default inputs, the resident and bystander models predict higher exposures than existing regulatory models. This is because the model incorporates more exposure routes and defaults are based on a reasonable worst case scenario. However, the probabilistic nature of the BROWSE models results in lower predicted exposures than the new EFSA calculator.Validation of sections of the model suggests that it is not overly conservative. Sensitivity analysis of the vapour exposure component showed that the interaction between temperature and vapour pressure, which is not taken account of in other models, can result in lower exposures for higher vapour pressures in warmer climates.
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