Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 510094
Title Processing and Preparation of Brassica Vegetables and the Fate of Glucosinolates
Author(s) Nugrahedi, P.Y.; Dekker, M.; Verkerk, R.
Source In: Glucosinolates / Mérillon, Jean-Michelle, Gopal Ramawat, Kishan, Springer International Publishing Switzerland - ISBN 9783319264790 - p. 1 - 23.
Department(s) Food Quality and Design
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2016
Abstract The healthiness of a vegetable cannot solely be inferred from the amount of
health-promoting compounds in the raw materials. Brassica vegetables, for
example, are consumed mostly after processing to improve palatability and to
extend the shelf life. However, processing also results to various changes in the
content of glucosinolates which intakes are associated with a reduced risk of
several cancers. The large variety in cooking practices and processing methods affect the glucosinolate content in the vegetables, particularly due to processes that allow for enzymatic hydrolysis and thermal degradation of glucosinolates, and leaching of the bioactive components. Knowledge on the effect of preparation and processing of Brassica vegetables is important to evaluate the healthiness of the consumed product and to investigate mechanisms to retain high glucosinolate levels at the stage of consumption and to increase the intake of health-protective compounds by the consumer. By using a mechanistic approach, the fate of glucosinolates during different processing and preparation methods and conditions can be explained. Boiling and blanching reduce the glucosinolate content significantly particularly because of the mechanisms of leaching following cell lysis and diffusion, and partly due to thermal and enzymatic degradation. Steaming, microwave processing, and stir frying either retain or only slightly reduce the glucosinolate content due to low degrees of leaching. These methods can enhance the accessibility of glucosinolates from the plant tissue. Fermentation reduces the glucosinolate content considerably, the underlying mechanisms are not yet completely clear, but enzymatic breakdown seems to play an important role. Studying the changes of glucosinolates during processing by a mechanistic approach is shown to be valuable to redesign the processing and to reformulate the product for improving health benefits of these compounds.
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