Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 510231
Title Role of the GacS sensor kinase in the regulation of volatile production by plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25
Author(s) Cheng, Xu; Cordovez, Viviane; Etalo, Desalegn W.; Voort, M. van der; Raaijmakers, Jos M.
Source Frontiers in Plant Science 7 (2016). - ISSN 1664-462X - 10 p.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01706
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) GC-MS - ISR - Plant growth promotion - Pseudomonas - Two-component regulation - Volatile organic compounds
Abstract

In plant-associated Pseudomonas species,the production of several secondary metabolites and exoenzymes is regulated by the GacS/GacA two-component regulatory system (the Gac-system). Here,we investigated if a mutation in the GacS sensor kinase affects the production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in P. fluorescens SBW25 (Pf.SBW25) and how this impacts on VOCs-mediated growth promotion and induced systemic resistance of Arabidopsis and tobacco. A total of 205 VOCs were detected by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry for Pf. SBW25 and the gacS-mutant grown on two different media for 3 and 6 days. Discriminant function analysis followed by hierarchical clustering revealed 24 VOCs that were significantly different in their abundance between Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant,which included three acyclic alkenes (3-nonene,4-undecyne,1-undecene). These alkenes were significantly reduced by the gacS mutation independently of the growth media and of the incubation time. For Arabidopsis,both Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant enhanced,via VOCs,root and shoot biomass,induced systemic resistance against leaf infections by P. syringae and rhizosphere acidification to the same extent. For tobacco,however,VOCs-mediated effects on shoot and root growth were significantly different between Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant. While Pf.SBW25 inhibited tobacco root growth,the gacS-mutant enhanced root biomass and lateral root formation relative to the non-treated control plants. Collectively these results indicate that the sensor kinase GacS is involved in the regulation of VOCs production in Pf.SBW25,affecting plant growth in a plant species-dependent manner.

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