|Title||Role of the GacS sensor kinase in the regulation of volatile production by plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25|
|Author(s)||Cheng, Xu; Cordovez, Viviane; Etalo, Desalegn W.; Voort, M. van der; Raaijmakers, Jos M.|
|Source||Frontiers in Plant Science 7 (2016). - ISSN 1664-462X - 10 p.|
Laboratory of Phytopathology
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||GC-MS - ISR - Plant growth promotion - Pseudomonas - Two-component regulation - Volatile organic compounds|
In plant-associated Pseudomonas species,the production of several secondary metabolites and exoenzymes is regulated by the GacS/GacA two-component regulatory system (the Gac-system). Here,we investigated if a mutation in the GacS sensor kinase affects the production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in P. fluorescens SBW25 (Pf.SBW25) and how this impacts on VOCs-mediated growth promotion and induced systemic resistance of Arabidopsis and tobacco. A total of 205 VOCs were detected by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry for Pf. SBW25 and the gacS-mutant grown on two different media for 3 and 6 days. Discriminant function analysis followed by hierarchical clustering revealed 24 VOCs that were significantly different in their abundance between Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant,which included three acyclic alkenes (3-nonene,4-undecyne,1-undecene). These alkenes were significantly reduced by the gacS mutation independently of the growth media and of the incubation time. For Arabidopsis,both Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant enhanced,via VOCs,root and shoot biomass,induced systemic resistance against leaf infections by P. syringae and rhizosphere acidification to the same extent. For tobacco,however,VOCs-mediated effects on shoot and root growth were significantly different between Pf.SBW25 and the gacS-mutant. While Pf.SBW25 inhibited tobacco root growth,the gacS-mutant enhanced root biomass and lateral root formation relative to the non-treated control plants. Collectively these results indicate that the sensor kinase GacS is involved in the regulation of VOCs production in Pf.SBW25,affecting plant growth in a plant species-dependent manner.