|Title||Conceptualizations of water security in the agricultural sector : Perceptions, practices, and paradigms|
|Author(s)||Malekian, Atefe; Hayati, Dariush; Aarts, Noelle|
|Source||Journal of Hydrology 544 (2017). - ISSN 0022-1694 - p. 224 - 232.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Agricultural sector - Constructivism - Critical theory - Positivism - Water security|
Conceptions of agricultural water security are conditioned by larger understandings of being and reality. It is still unclear what such understandings mean for perspectives on water security in general and on causes and solutions related to perceived water security risks and problems in agricultural sector in particular. Based on a systematic literature review, three conceptualizations of water security, related to different paradigms, are presented. Also the consequences of such conceptualizations for determining research objectives, research activities, and research outcomes on agricultural water security are discussed. The results showed that agricultural water security from a positivist paradigm referred to tangible and measurable water-related hazards and threats, such as floods and droughts, pollution, and so forth. A constructivist approach to agricultural water security, constituted by a process of interaction and negotiation, pointed at perceptions of water security of farmers and other stakeholders involved in agricultural sector. A critical approach to agricultural water security focused on the processes of securing vulnerable farmers and others from wider political, social, and natural impediments to sufficient water supplies. The conclusions of the study suggest that paradigms, underlying approaches should be expressed, clarified, and related to one another in order to find optimal and complementary ways to study water security issues in agricultural sector.