Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 510647
Title The role of host diversity in Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. dynamics
Author(s) Hofmeester, T.R.
Source In: Ecology and prevention of Lyme borreliosis / Braks, Marieta A.H., van Wieren, Sipke E., Takken, Willem, Sprong, Hein, Wageningen Academic Publishers (Ecology and control of vector-borne diseases ) - ISBN 9789086862931 - p. 173 - 186.
DOI https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-838-4_12
Department(s) Laboratory of Entomology
Resource Ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2016
Abstract There has been substantial debate about the influence of vertebrate host diversity on Lyme borreliosis risk. In North America, studies investigating Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. and the Black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) have shown that on a large spatial scale there seems to be a negative correlation between host species diversity and Lyme borreliosis risk. However, studies on this relationship in Europe are lacking. I discuss the work done in North America and translate the findings and assumptions of these studies to the European situation, where the sheep tick (Ixodes ricinus) is the most important vector of B. burgdorferi s.l. The European situation is fundamentally different compared to the North American situation due to the high diversity of B. burgdorferi s.l. genospecies, which are transmitted by different groups of vertebrate species. Disease risk in Europe is hypothesised to increase with vertebrate diversity due to an increase in B. burgdorferi s.l. genospecies diversity. However, it seems that the majority of genospecies in Europe is transmitted by two functional groups of host species, rodents and thrushes, which are present in most vertebrate assemblages. Therefore, it seems plausible that a dilution effect can also occur in Europe. This might result in high risk in urban areas where a few dominant species are very abundant, among which the most important reservoir hosts for B. burgdorferi s.l. in Europe.
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