Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 512133
Title Early life nutritional programming of long-term weight gain and feed intake in the porcine model
Author(s) Clouard, C.M.; Gerrits, W.J.J.; Kemp, B.; Val-Laillet, David; Bolhuis, J.E.
Source In: Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (EAAP publication 137) - ISBN 9789086862863 - p. 365 - 366.
Event Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (EAAP publication 137) - ISBN 9789086862863 5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism, Krakow, 2016-09-12/2016-09-15
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
Animal Nutrition
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2016
Abstract We studied the effect of a prenatal and/or postnatal Western-like diet high in fat, refined sugar, and cholesterol on long-term feed intake and growth of piglets. Thirty-two sows and their offspring were allocated to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a 2×2 factorial design, with 8-week prenatal and 8-week postnatal exposure to a Western-like diet or control diets as factors. From weaning onwards, 4-weekold piglets were housed in groups (n=8) of 3 littermates and fed ad libitum. From the end of the dietary treatment onwards, all piglets were fed a standard commercial diet, and followed for 8 weeks. Piglets exposed to the prenatal Western diet were heavier at weaning than controls. Piglets fed the postnatal Western diet weighed less than controls at the end of the treatment and 8 weeks later. From weaning to the end of the treatment, piglets fed the postnatal Western diet had a lower average daily gain (ADG), gain:feed (G:F) and average daily feed intake (ADFI), but a higher energy intake than controls. During the 8 weeks following the end of the treatment, piglets fed the postnatal Western diet had a 20% decrease in ADFI, but only a 7% decrease in ADG, resulting in a higher G:F. Thus, feeding a high-sugar high-fat diet for only 8-week post-partum can drastically reduce feed intake,and improve feed efficiency in later life.
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