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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 513057
Title The Politics and Consequences of Virtual Water Export
Author(s) Vos, J.M.C.; Boelens, R.A.
Source In: Eating, Drinking: Surviving / Jackson, Peter, Spiess, Walter E.L., Sultana, Farhana, Springer International Publishing (SpringerBriefs in Global Understanding ) - ISBN 9783319424675 - p. 31 - 41.
Department(s) Water Resources Management
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2016
Abstract Virtual water is the water used or contaminated to produce a good or a service. With the large increase of export of agricultural produce during the last decades the amount of virtual water export has grown as well. Increased water contamination and water extraction for export from relative dry areas affects local ecosystems and communities. Simultaneously, the increased virtual water trade has weakened the local control over water resources by local communities, to the expense of multinational agribusiness and retailer companies. This repatterning of water control is fomented by numerous national governments, and at the same time contested by local communities. Partly as reaction to the critics on water depletion, agribusiness and retailers have created a number of water stewardship standards. Notwithstanding the possibilities for local communities to articulate their demands with these standards, until now most water stewardship standards have had little – or even negative – effects.
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